The yield rates below are comprised of Indian government bills and bonds. The rates given below are based on the benchmark FIMMDA (Fixed Income Markets and Derivatives Association of India) indices. FIMMDA is the nodal agency designated by RBI to set financial benchmarks, and the benchmarks are published by Financial Benchmark India Pvt. Ltd (FBIL), authorised by RBI for benchmark administration activities relating to the valuation of Government of India Securities.
G-Sec – Government of India dated Securities.
Yield indicates annualised yield as on 31st December 2021. Sources:
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- Discount rate used in Actuarial Valuation is based on bond yields as on end of balance sheet reporting period – as Per Para 83 of IND AS 19. Impact of change in assumption is recognised in Profit & Loss in case of AS 15 valuations, whereas in Ind AS 19 valuations it is recognised though OCI (post-employment obligations) and P&L will not be affected.
2. Comparing 10 Year G-Sec yields between 31st Dec 2020 and 31st Dec 2021, we note that there is an increase of 55 basis points in the last one year.
3. Comparing Short term (< 5 years) G-Sec yields between 31st Dec 2020 and 31st Dec 2021, there is a sharp 84 basis point increase in the 5 year yield.
4. Comparing Long term G-Sec yields between 31st Dec 2020 and 31st Dec 2021, we note that there is almost a 35 basis points increases as the term approaches 25 years. Thus, there is a pattern of increasing long term yields.
5. The increase in G – Sec yields will result in decrease in the actuarial liability. Increase in G – Sec yields will also result in variations in Actuarial Gains and Losses in Defined Benefits Obligations due to discount rate impact. Offsetting this impact b changing other actuarial assumptions like salary growth rate should be done cautiously by considering relevant factors including long term costs and practical feasibility of controlling it from HR perspectives, and after discussion with actuary and company HR team and the management of the company.